What is prosthesis?
In general medicine, prosthesis refers to the artificial replacement of any deficiency in the human body or the organ or tissue that cannot fully function. In the field of dentistry, it is necessary to understand the artificial materials prepared for the purpose of regaining the patient and the surrounding tissues lost in the mouth for various reasons and function, phonetics and aesthetics when it is said to be a prosthesis (prosthetic tooth or denture as it is used between the people).
Prosthodontics is the branch of dentistry dealing with prosthetic teeth. A dentist who has specialized in the field is called a prosthesis specialist. Prosthetic dental treatment covers a wide area in clinical practice in dentistry and is a branch of dentistry, which is made by using appropriate materials to correct the natural tooth shape or to replace the lost teeth, including art as well as health, which provides the recovery of lost function, aesthetics and comfort.
Another reason that denture dental treatments cover a wide area in dentistry is that other treatments in dentistry are terminated in a way that requires denture dental treatment. For example, covering a canal-treated tooth with a porcelain crown requires that the implant made after tooth extraction be restored with a porcelain crown or porcelain bridge, or that the teeth lost after tooth extraction must be treated with partial or total dentures.
In addition, occlusal rehabilitation and management of treatment in temporomandibular joint disorders are also within the scope of prosthetic dental treatment.
Why are the Prosthetic Dental Treatments Made?
Teeth loss due to excessive caries or other causes in the teeth may not be treated with filling. Or, the developmental distal teeth or having teeth removed for various reasons creates cavities in the mouth. The prosthesis fills the cavity formed due to lost teeth and teeth in the mouth.
Teeth deficiencies cause difficulties in eating in the individual, malnutrition, and stomach and digestive system disorders due to chewing problems. The individual becomes unable to taste what they eat.
Lack of teeth can change the position of the teeth, rot and gum ailments may occur. Oral health is impaired. It can cause joint problems such as pain, sound and movement disorders in the jaw joint.
Speech is an indispensable element of our social life. One of the most important elements of speech is teeth. The pronunciation of some letters becomes difficult when there are no teeth or missing. For example, when speaking the letters D and T, the tip of the tongue should touch the surface of the upper incisors on the palate side.
Lack of teeth causes a feeling of old age in the individual. Loss of self-esteem causes psychological problems such as shyness, inability to smile and unhappiness.
With prosthetic teeth, lost lips, cheek support, closing errors, speech function, chewing function and aesthetic appearance are recovered. Individuals who have to live with missing or distorted teeth and forgot to laugh are supported psychologically. It is aimed to increase the quality of life of people with prostheses.
What are the Prostheses?
Although dental prostheses are classified from various angles, the most appropriate classification is; Prosthetic teeth are divided into three groups according to the number of teeth lost, their location and the condition of the remaining teeth.
1. Fixed Prostheses (Crown-Bridge Prostheses)
2.Movable Dentures (Partial or Full Dentures)
3. Implant Prosthetics (Fixed or Removable Prostheses)